Assembly language link pending in Hindi and Urdu |Handout Notes

Assembly language  link pending in Hindi and Urdu |Handout Notes

  1. Assembly language definition

Assembly language is a low-degree programming language for a computer or other programmable device precise to a particular computer structure in contrast to maximum high-degree programming languages, which are usually transportable across multiple systems. Assembly language is converted into executable system code by a software program known as an assembler like NASM, MASM, etc. Every private computer has a microprocessor that manages the laptop’s arithmetical, logical, and control sports. Each circle of relatives of processors has its very own set of commands for coping with various operations which include getting input from keyboard, showing statistics on display and performing numerous other jobs. Those set of commands are known as ‘machine language instructions’. A processor knows best gadget language commands, which are strings of 1’s and 0’s. But system language is simply too difficult to understand and complicated for the usage of in software improvement. So, the low-degree assembly language is designed for a particular family of processors that represents various commands in symbolic code and a more comprehensible shape.

Assembly language link pending in Hindi and Urdu |Handout Notes

Assembly language link pending in Hindi and Urdu |Handout Notes

  1. Prerequisites of assembly language

Earlier than proceeding with this tutorial, you have to have a primary know-how of pc programming terminologies. A simple understanding of any of the programming languages will help you in expertise the meeting programming standards and circulate fast at the mastering tune.


  1. Pros of assembly language
  • How programs interface with OS, processor, and bios;
  • How facts are represented in reminiscence and different outside gadgets;
  • How the processor accesses and executes training;
  • How instructions access and process information;
  • How a software accesses external device.
  • It requires less reminiscence and execution time;
  • It permits hardware-unique complex jobs in an easier way;
  • It’s miles suitable for time-important jobs;
  • It’s far maximum suitable for writing interrupt service exercises and different reminiscence resident packages.



  1. Basic capabilities of laptop hardware

The primary internal hardware of a laptop includes processor, memory, and registers. Registers are processor components that keep facts and address. To execute a program, the machine copies it from the outside tool into the inner reminiscence. The processor executes this system instructions. The fundamental unit of laptop garage is a bit; it is able to be on (1) or off (zero) and a set of 8 associated bits makes a byte on most of the cutting-edge computer systems. So, the parity bit is used to make the wide variety of bits in a byte bizarre. If the parity is even, the machine assumes that there was a parity error (although rare), which might have been.



  1. Assembly language applications
  • Describe the basic components of a Computer System, its instruction set architecture and its basic fetch-execute cycle operation.
  • Describe how data is represented and recognized in a Computer.
  • Understand the basics of Assembly Language programming including addressing modes, subroutines, interrupts, stacks, etc.
  • Analyze, design, implement, and test assembly language programs.


  1. Assembly Language in Urdu Hindi

There are some frequently asked questions of this course

  • What Computers consist of?
  • How Computers work?
  • How to represent information?
  • How they are organized internally?
  • How design affects programming and applications?
  • Programming the machine: Assembly Language

The course is divided into two sections:

  1. Computer Organization
  2. Assembly language
Assembly language  link pending in Hindi and Urdu |Handout Notes

Assembly language link pending in Hindi and Urdu |Handout Notes